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關於挑海鮮::: 台灣的漁業現況漁具漁法
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Fishing methods and fishing gear

Torch Light Net It is a method that is mainly practiced in coastal and offshore fisheries: a group of boats work together to attract fish to the surface by light at night. Lighting boats seduce the fish while net boats cast net and fish. 焚寄網示意圖

Set Net Set net is usually erected in the coastal area. The anchor fixing rope is used to fasten the fishing net. When the fish is hindered by the road net, it shall follow the direction of arrow going into the caught net and finally into the cod-end. 定置網示意圖

Gill Net Huge meshed gillnet hundreds or even thousands of meters long is floated in the sea from fishing boat to cut off water flow to stick or strangle schools of fish since they are unable to squeeze through. This method catches nearly everything swimming in their path, of all sizes and species, such as turtles, dolphins, whales, seabirds. The indiscriminating nature destroys marine ecology. Gillnets were banned in national boats by Taiwan from using in international waters. 流刺網示意圖

Purse Seiner Also known as "Binding Net," two small boats vessels envelop fish by trawling their nets behind, and binding bottom nets until they meet. 巾著網示意圖

Trawling Net Fishing boat opens net mouth net between two trawl doors and drags the net to catch all the lives in the path. Its efficiency brings impact on marine resources, and has caused many countries to regulate the use by measures such as banned fishing periods, banned fishing zones, fishing quota, and mesh sizes. 拖網示意圖

Purse Seiner A modern technology introduced from U.S.A., "US trawling net," applies one boat or a group of boats to fish. The targets are skipjacks and tunas. 大型圍網示意圖

Pole and Lines Boots People use one fishing line with one hook to catch fish. 一支釣示意圖

Long line fishing Commonly known as "Fang Kun," long line fishing uses a central rope and many branch ropes with hooks. The long line may extend to kilometers long. 延繩釣示意圖

Squid Jigging Jigging boats are equipped with rows of fish lights on both sides to lure squids at night. Squid jigging devices cast fishing lines hooked with artificial baits into the sea. The devices work on drawing the lines up and down, and jigging preys. 魷釣示意圖

Spear Fishing Swordfish swim to water surface while waves start. When a swordfish is spotted, spearman stands at the boat platform and thrusts or shoots a spear into the animal and hauls it aboard. 鏢旗魚示意圖


 
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